|Nickname(s): Derby City, River City, Gateway to the South, Falls City, The ‘Ville[a]|
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Location in the United States
|Founded by||George Rogers Clark|
|Named for||King Louis XVI of France|
|• Mayor||Greg Fischer (D)|
|• Metro Council||26 council members|
|• Consolidated city-county||1,032 km2 (399 sq mi)|
|• Land||997.38 km2 (385.09 sq mi)|
|• Water||35 km2 (13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||142 m (466 ft)|
|• Consolidated city-county||756,832 (consolidated)
|• Rank||US: 28th|
|• Density||743.0/km2 (1,924/sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,262,261 (US: 43rd)|
|• CSA||1,490,724 (US: 35th)|
|• GMP||$62.8 billion (US: 47th)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code prefixes||major: 402xx
minor: 400xx, 401xx
|GNIS feature ID||0509453|
|USDA hardiness zones||6b, 7a|
|Airports||Louisville International Airport, Bowman Field|
|Waterways||Ohio River, Beargrass Creek, Floyds Fork, Harrods Creek|
Louisville (generally pronounced i/ˈluːəvəl/ or i/ˈlʌvəl/ by natives, and i/ˈluːiːvɪl/ by others) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 28th most populous city in the United States. It is one of two cities in Kentucky designated as first-class, with the other being the state’s second-largest city of Lexington. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County.
Louisville was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark and is named after King Louis XVI of France, making Louisville one of the oldest cities west of the Appalachian Mountains. Sited beside the Falls of the Ohio, the only major obstruction to river traffic between the upper Ohio River and the Gulf of Mexico, the settlement first grew as a portage site. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a 6,000-mile (9,700 km) system across 13 states. Today the city is known as the home of the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken, the University of Louisville and its Louisville Cardinals athletic teams, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky’s six Fortune 500 companies. Its main airport is also the site of UPS‘s worldwide air hub.
Since 2003, Louisville’s borders have been coterminous with those of Jefferson County because of a city-county merger. The official name of this consolidated city-county government is the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government, with Louisville Metro used for short. Despite the merger and renaming, the term “Jefferson County” continues to be used in some contexts in reference to Louisville Metro, particularly including the incorporated cities outside the “balance” which make up Louisville proper. The city’s total consolidated population as of the 2013 census estimate was 756,832. However, the balance total of 609,893 excludes other incorporated places and semi-autonomous towns within the county and is the population listed in most sources and national rankings.
The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), sometimes also referred to as Kentuckiana, includes Louisville-Jefferson County and twelve surrounding counties, eight in Kentucky and four in Southern Indian<a href=”http://jamescollinsford.net“>James Collins Ford</a>a. As of 2013, the MSA had a population of 1,262,261, ranking 43rd nationally.